What is “The Red Arrow Division”

My grand father, Oushel Harris, fought with the Red Arrow Division.  It was only natural for me to use his unit as the military unit discussed in The Betrayal In The Louvre.  He was approximately nineteen years old.  In my mind, and in the minds of many others, the 32nd Infantry Division was one of the finest military units to serve in The Great War.  Much of what I know about the Red Arrow Division comes from the book “The 32nd Division In The World War” published jointly by the Michigan and Wisconsin War History Commissions in 1923.  This book is available on-line by clicking on the cover here:  32ed Book Cover

I cannot tell the story better than the words on the Division Web site which I quote below. 

“The 32D Division was organized under War Dept. orders of 18 July 1917 of National Guard Units from both Wisconsin and Michigan. Units began leaving state camps in Wisconsin and Michigan bound for Camp MacArthur, near Waco, Texas, in early August 1917. The last units arrived at Camp MacArthur by late September 1917.

The Division served on the front line during World War I from 18 May 1918 until the end of the War on 11 November 1918. It was the first American Division to pierce the famed Hindenburg Line, fought in 4 major offensives and earned the name “Les Terribles” from the French.

The 32D Division was the only American division to be bestowed with a nom-de-guerre by an Allied nation during the war.”

The Division’s original patch was, as you might expect, a Red Arrow.  However, because they never failed to break through a German line the French insisted the patch be changed to an arrow piercing a line.  Visit the Division’s web site by selecting their patch below.   

32ndbde